The new variety of beans may be the key

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Terry Youzwa hasn’t grown beans for a few years, but he may see a time in the near future when the crop will be back in rotation with a good fit as one of the regularly grown pulses on his northeast farm. from Saskatchewan.

Youzwa, who farms with her son, Zak, and family members near Nipawin, says faba beans have many benefits and there will be even more if plant breeders can develop earlier-growing varieties. and more determined growth.

“As the director of Saskatchewan Pulse Growers, that’s one of the things I ask for is beans that ripen earlier,” says Youzwa. “They can grow very well in this area, but one downside is that if you have rain later in the year or even cloudy days, they don’t want to stop growing. Developing earlier maturing varieties will certainly be an advantage.

Youzwa, who has been growing faba beans for about five years, notes that the crop has several important benefits. They can tolerate cooler, wetter soils, which makes it possible to sow them early in the spring. A great feature in the world of legumes – they are resistant to root rot due to Aphanomyces. Seeds inoculated with nitrogen-fixing rhizobia do the best job of any legume at fixing nitrogen in the soil – the second year being better than the first. And, they stand well, so are easy to harvest.

Youzwa says he is delighted to see pulse splitting plants, especially faba bean processors, being established and introducing new varieties suitable for new markets, and also providing opportunities for futures and contract production.

“I see these new fractionation plants with a very positive role to play in terms of bean production,” says Youzwa. “Before, one of the disadvantages was not being able to fix the price of the harvest in the long term. Thus, futures prices and production contracts will be attractive to producers. He says that in the near future he expects fava beans to be in rotation again on his farm, likely alternating between fava beans and field peas each year.

Labelle, like other fava beans, holds up well, improving harvestability, which some other ground-hugging legumes cannot. The downside is that it is a late maturing crop so fields may need to be desiccated which means applying chemical stoppage of plant growth at the stage when all functions growth rate, seed size and yield were defined. With Labelle, at the end of the season, even if the plants are still green, the seeds are ripe.

photo:
Goudy graduate

New processing facility

This is where Brad Goudy hopes his Faba Canada Ltd. will play an important role in the growth of faba bean production in Western Canada.

Goudy, which owns the rights to an improved bean variety called Fabelle, plans to commission a bean fractionation plant in Legal, Alta., just north of Edmonton, sometime in May. It has offered production contracts to growers in Alberta and Saskatchewan and expects to process between 12,000 and 25,000 tonnes of beans this year.

“With this new variety, with much improved nutritional components for the food and feed markets, it offers western Canadian farmers a great opportunity to include faba beans in their rotation,” Goudy said.

With a contract price of $14 a bushel, Goudy hoped to lock in about 15,000 acres of bean production this year. For more information, visit the Faba Canada Ltd website. at fabacanada.com or call Goudy at 1-306-921-5995.

Faba bean is a moisture-loving crop, so it tends to adapt better to the growing area of ​​the park or under irrigation. It can handle cooler, wetter conditions, making it ideal for early planting, but especially needs moisture in late summer to help the pods fill and ripen. A disadvantage is that it is a late maturing crop, although it can be desiccated to complete its maturation.

Goudy says that as Labelle matures later, farmers should note that even though the plant looks green, the seeds are ripe for harvest.

From a food and feed nutritional perspective, Goudy believes Fabelle will be an alternative or replacement for the Snowbird variety of faba bean, which has been widely grown in Western Canada for several years.

Beans naturally have some anti-nutritional components, which affect its desirability in most food and feed markets. It is a legume that can be high in tannins – a natural chemical compound that gives it a bitter taste. Other anti-nutritional compounds are vicine/convicine, which can have an adverse effect on some humans, and can cause an allergic type reaction known as favism.

Goudy says the good news with Labelle is that it is extremely low in tannins and extremely low in vicine/convicine. It is therefore well suited for protein markets.

At the Legal processing plant, Goudy will produce a high-quality protein product that he believes will be ideal for food markets. He also plans to sell “beautiful” whole beans (intact and of good color) in human food markets in Egypt.

And he also points to recent feed studies conducted by the University of Alberta and Gowans Feed Consulting that showed Labelle bean to be one of the top performers in swine feeding trials. Again, this is a variety that will be ideal for livestock feed.

According to Goudy, in variety trial comparisons, the Labelle bean outperformed the Snowbird bean by about 6% in Saskatchewan trials and 13% in Alberta trials.

“I’m confident that Labelle faba beans will really provide farmers with an opportunity to include another high-quality, high-yielding legume crop in the rotation,” says Goudy. “With its improved nutritional profile, Labelle has generated a lot of interest in the food market, and it is also very suitable as a feed for livestock.

“As we launch our first fractionation plant in Legal, I truly believe faba beans will be a key part of the future of the plant-based protein industry.” Goudy says he is starting with a smaller processing facility at Legal, but may move to a larger on-site processing facility as demand and markets increase.

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